Physical therapies and exercises after knee replacement
A complete healing of the knee after the knee replacement surgery meted out obviously asks for a lot of time in months period. Regular dose of exercise along with other different physical therapies gradually helps in recovery of the knee in the past shape. There are standard guidelines and listed precautional measures to protect and upgrade the condition of the knee after knee replacement. The expert advises of the professionals such as the orthopedic surgeons as well as recommendations of the physical therapists are important to be followed in this regard. The physical therapies and exercises refer by them actually helps one to gain strength of the knees, get back the capability to move around and return to normal living in daily life actively.
There are simple guidelines to recuperate with instructions for lying in bed, sitting in chair and walking. For example, continuous passive motion machine is required to be placed under feet while lying when the knee is still stiff out of the surgical effect. Additionally ice machines are what is often prescribed for post therapy usage. Firm chairs with arm rests are recommended for sitting with cushion placed under hip to facilitate sitting straight and up, but chairs should be low in height to help keep the feet flat on floor. In order to avoid placing all body weight on knees one must learn to walk with a walker, cane stick or crutches at least for three weeks or until the knee heals. Also one requires to follow instructions for climbing steps carefully holding the railings and watching each step taken.
Apart from this, the exercises can be divided into those to be done in early days post operation and those after some days. Among the early exercises are tightening and loosening of thigh muscles, straight leg raises with light stretching while lying down as well as while sitting, pumping the ankles by means of rhythmic movements of the feet and contracting and relaxing calf muscles and shin of the legs. Knee straightening and knee bending activity while sitting on bed are another exercise to perform. Also there are knee bending to be regularly done with support or without support while sitting. As a part of the advance physical therapy one requires to perform standing knee bends, straight leg raises, light weight lifting with ankles, and then gradually the stationary biking or what is known as exer-cycling by some.